Alternative Fuel Vehicles To The Rescue
Currently the fuel utilized in most cars and trucks – gasoline and diesel – is predicated on oil (petroleum). For the reason that oil from which gas and diesel are refined primarily comes from non-Western countries, unfortunately which means the US, Europe, and lots of other countries are vulnerable to forces outside their control, forces that currently include the war in Iraq, internal conflicts in Nigeria, and the latest political showdown in Venezuela.
Oil is also a major pollutant, meaning that vehicles that burn petroleum-based products add to global warming. Plus oil is what known as a non-renewable energy source. Once these fossil fuels have been used, they cannot be replaced, so we are going to actually run out liter to barrel oil of oil someday.
All this obviously implies that finding alternative fuels – particularly ones which are more “earth friendly” – and developing alternative fuel vehicles is in everyone’s best interests.
Currently the commonest alternative fuels for vehicles are ethanol, bio-diesel, and electric. In actual fact, you may even be driving a type of Flexible-Fuel Vehicle and you do not even understand it. There are even hydrogen cars, but they currently cost millions of dollars so are out of range of most individuals’s pocketbooks! Steam-powed and solar-powered cars also are being developed.
Hybrid cars, such because the Toyota Prius, run on a mixture of gas and electric power. They use gas engines together with electric motors, a mixture that leads to dramatically improved gas mileage as well as significantly reduced CO2 emissions. They are particularly useful driving in town where you’ll be able to often drive solely on the electric power generated and use no gas in any respect. They are, however, noticeably dearer that non-hybrids.
Bio-diesel is another common alternative fuel. Diesel fuel burns far more efficiently than gasoline, leading to better gas mileage. However, diesel is still a petroleum-based fuel. Bio-diesel, then again, is made from vegetable oils, not petroleum oil. And, because it is made from plants, and plants use carbon dioxide for photosynthesis, bio-diesel reduces net carbon emissions by as much as 60%. Most diesel vehicles, including buses, farm vehicles and cars, may run on bio-diesel.
Ethanol might be the mostly used alternative fuel today. Ethanol, as a biofuel, might be made from a wide variety of common natural materials, similar to corn, sugarcane, and switchgrass. Most cars today can run on a combination of gasoline and up to 10% ethanol (a mixture called E10) with no special equipment. An actual downside of bio-fuels is the environmental costs of growing and refining the fabric used. However research in liter to barrel oil using algae to make ethanol holds promise.
Alternative fuel vehicles allow us to scale back dependency on foreign oil and reduce pollutants even with the downsides. Is an alternate fuel car best for you That’s the question we must ask ourselves.